Kargil war remains a thorny issue for both Pakistan and India. Unlike the previous three wars, the Kargil war is remembered as an event that destroyed the Trust Building Measures between the two countries for a very long time.
It appears that time has not healed the wounds on both sides of the border. For those interested in how the conflict evolved, here is a generalized timeline of the events:
May 1999: India Kicks Off The Kargil War
India started bombing runs against the militants in Indian held Kashmir. The thrust of the operation was directed against suspected militants hiding in the hills of the area.
On May 27, Indian government announced that it had lost two aircrafts during the air strikes
India started to claim that the insurgents they are after are supplied and supported by active elements of Pakistan Army. This claimed was denied by the government of Pakistan. Putting forward its proposal of peace talks to defuse the situation, Pakistan’s government proposed sending its foreign minister Surtaj Aziz to Delhi on May 29th.
June 1999: Tensions Mount at both Sides of Border
Tensions continue as India refused to back off from its military objectives. Indian government continued its accusations of the militants begin supported by Pakistan. The situation was made more complicated by the death of an Indian Air force pilot who, the Indians claimed was shot by Pakistani forces after he ejected from his aircraft.
On June 5th, India halted its bombing on the area to hand over the bodies of the alleged Pakistani servicemen who died during the shelling of the area. Indian government identified the bodies as soldiers form the 4th and 5th NLI units.
On June 8th, both India and Pakistan decided to start peace talks. However, India continued its shelling and aerial bombing of the air to force the insurgents into withdrawal.
On June 13th, the peace talks failed and India stepped up its military operations in the area.
July 1999: America Intervenes In the Kargil War
President Clinton asked both Pakistan and India to seize all military operations and start a new round of peace talks.
On July 4th, India announced the capture of Tiger Hill, the most strategic location of the area. This was the result of a continuous air assault of the area that resulted in the death and displacement of thousands of the local populace.
On July 11th, it was reported by Indian authorities that militants have started to leave the area. This was acknowledged as a victory by the Indian military sources.
On July 12th, Pakistan’s Pm, Nawaz Sharif gave out the statement calling for a permanent solution of the Kashmir Dispute. This statement followed the end of the conflict in which both India and Pakistan claimed unilateral victory.
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