The relationship between Afghanistan and Pakistan has been complex and fraught with tensions for decades. Both countries share a long and porous border, as well as historical, cultural, and religious ties. However, various factors have strained the relationship between the two countries over the years, including geopolitical interests, terrorism, and ethnic and sectarian tensions.
In recent years, efforts have been made to improve the relationship between Afghanistan and Pakistan. In 2015, the Afghan government and the Taliban held peace talks in Pakistan, signaling a possible thaw in the relationship between the two countries. However, the talks ultimately collapsed, and tensions between the two countries continued to simmer.
In 2018, the new Afghan government under President Ashraf Ghani reached out to Pakistan, seeking its help in facilitating peace talks with the Taliban. Pakistan, which has long been accused of supporting the Taliban, has publicly stated its commitment to supporting peace talks and a political settlement in Afghanistan.
Despite these efforts, however, the relationship between Afghanistan and Pakistan remains fragile. Afghanistan has accused Pakistan of providing safe havens for Taliban fighters, which has fueled ongoing violence and instability in the country. Pakistan, for its part, has expressed concerns about cross-border terrorism and has called on Afghanistan to do more to control the movement of militants across the border.
Overall, while there have been some positive steps towards improving the relationship between Afghanistan and Pakistan, the road to true friendship and cooperation between the two countries remains a long and difficult one.